The Principles of Design 2020

Today we are going to start learning about the Principles of Design. Specifically, we will be studying four major principles that will help make everything you create more visually pleasing and easy to read. Understanding these principles will help you to identify how to improve your own design choices as well as the design of others.

These four Principles are Contrast, Repetition, Alignment and Proximity, which form a very amusing (if slightly unfortunate) acronym: C.R.A.P.

Follow along with the in-class demonstration or watch the attached PowerPoint presentation to learn how we’re going to use the Principles of C.R.A.P. to make things that don’t look like crap!


I can name the Principles of Design and describe what they mean by correctly responding to questions in a check for understanding form so I can effectively identify when these principles are (or are not) being used in a published work.


Topics Discussed:

  • Principles of Design
  • Epiphany
  • Contrast
  • Repetition
  • Alignment
  • Proximity


  1. Read “1 – README – The Joshua Tree Epiphany” silently while I read aloud in class.
  2. Read the rest of the document that introduces the four Principles of Design.
  3. Watch the Google Slides slideshow for further clarification on what the principles are, how they are used, and what they look like.
  4. We will go over the principles in detail throughout this week.
  5. Make sure you understand what the four principles are, what the terms mean, what they look like, and how we use them in our documents
  6. Complete the Google Form titled “Joshua Tree Epiphany Questions” in today’s Google Classroom post to show that you understand what we read today.
  7. As always, I will be available if you have any questions or need any assistance.

Assigned: August 10th, 2020
Teacher Pacing Due Date: August 11th, 2020